Why is it so difficult to learn the violin?


Learning the violin has numerous benefits for children, as it can enhance their intellect, improve coordination, strengthen their determination, and cultivate their understanding of art. However, learning the violin is not an easy task for children.

Violin teacher instructs students to maintain correct posture for playing violin

Difficulty One: Learning Music Theory

To excel in playing the violin requires children to have a certain foundation in music theory. Music theory is the study of the structure and elements of music, encompassing various concepts ranging from basic notes and intervals to more complex topics such as tonality, chords, and rhythm. Here are some important concepts in music theory:

Notes and Intervals:

Notes: Notes are the fundamental units of music, representing different pitches. Common notes include clefs, quarter notes, and eighth notes.

Intervals: Intervals refer to the distance between two notes, describing their pitch relationship. Intervals can be pure (perfect intervals, perfect fifths, perfect fourths) or impure (minor thirds, major thirds, etc.).


Key: Key establishes the fundamental framework of a piece of music, determining its basic pitch. Common keys include C major, G major, D minor, etc. Each key is composed of specific scales and chords.


Chords: Chords are combinations of multiple notes played simultaneously, creating harmony. There are different types of chords, including triads (major, minor, diminished, augmented) and seventh chords.


Beat: Beat is the basic unit of time in music, guiding rhythm and tempo. Common beats include quarter-note beats, eighth-note beats, sixteenth-note beats, etc.

Rhythmic Patterns: Rhythmic patterns are combinations of beats that determine the overall rhythm and feel of the music. Different rhythmic patterns can convey various emotions and styles.

Musical Notation:

Clef: Clef is a symbol used to represent pitch in written music. Common clefs include the treble clef (used for violin), bass clef (used for cello), and alto clef.

Time Signature: A time signature is a symbol used to indicate the number of beats per measure and the type of note that receives one beat.

Understanding these concepts in music theory can help students better comprehend the structure, rhythm, and harmony of music, thus enhancing the accuracy and expressiveness of their playing. However, these concepts can be challenging for children to understand and master.

Difficulty Two: Correct Playing Posture

When learning the violin, it's crucial to master the correct playing posture from the outset. Incorrect posture can directly impact the comfort, tone quality, and technical development of playing. There are two main playing postures for the violin: standing and sitting. Each posture has specific requirements for how to properly position and utilize the violin. This poses a significant challenge for lively and active children, often requiring considerable effort to master the correct playing posture.

Difficulty Three: Intonation

Intonation refers to the accuracy and precision of pitch in musical performance. In learning the violin or other instruments, intonation is crucial as it directly affects the aesthetic and auditory experience of the performance.

Proficient intonation is highly challenging for children. On one hand, it requires training the ear through extensive listening to various pieces, identifying intervals, and engaging in intonation exercises. On the other hand, it demands precise finger placement and proficient bowing control to achieve accurate intonation while playing the violin. Only through these efforts can children attain proper intonation when playing the violin.

Difficulty Four: Mastering Bow Technique

When playing the violin, the use of the violin bow is essential. The friction between the bow and the strings creates vibrations that ultimately produce captivating music. Therefore, mastering the skill of using the violin bow is crucial. This includes techniques such as bowing angle, pressure, speed, and the point of contact between the bow and the strings. Undoubtedly, this is also a rather challenging task.

Difficulty Five: Different Pieces Require Different Playing Techniques

In violin sheet music, there are numerous genres, each requiring different playing techniques. For instance, fast-paced scales, chords, vibrato, and double stops, among others. Mastering these techniques takes time and consistent practice.

Difficulty Six: Emotional Engagement

Compared to other instruments, the violin is closer to the human voice, capable of conveying a wide range of emotions—from uplifting and tender to fleeting and profound. The violin resonates with people's souls, sparking imagination. It's not like other instruments that sound mechanical. The violin lacks the coldness of metal or its rigidness; instead, it's like a flame, able to freely express and ignite emotions. Achieving such a feeling in performance is not something that can be accomplished overnight.

Difficulty Seven: Choosing the Right Violin for Children

The choice of a beginner violin is crucial for children, as it significantly impacts their initial learning experience. It's essential to select a high-quality beginner violin to ensure that children make efficient progress when starting to learn the violin. Additionally, as children grow older, it's necessary to promptly replace the violin with the appropriate size, which also adds to the financial burden. If you need to purchase a violin, you can consider Fiddlover's beginner violin series. Not only are they reasonably priced, but they also come with complete sets to meet children's violin practice needs.

Conclusion: Persistence Leads to Victory

Learning any musical instrument is quite challenging for anyone. It requires a significant amount of practice, which necessitates continuous perseverance. Only through persistent effort is it possible to truly master the instrument. Throughout the learning process, children also exercise their willpower.

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